What does Virginia require for homeschooling?

What does Virginia require for homeschooling?


Are you considering homeschooling your children in Virginia? As a parent, you have the freedom to choose the best educational path for your child, and homeschooling can be a rewarding option. However, before you dive into this educational journey, it’s important to understand the requirements set by the state of Virginia. Knowing the legal obligations and available resources will help ensure a successful homeschooling experience for you and your child. Let’s explore what Virginia requires for homeschooling and how to get started.

Table of Contents

  • Understanding homeschooling in Virginia
  • Virginia homeschooling laws and requirements
  • Getting started with homeschooling in Virginia
  • Homeschooling resources in Virginia
  • FAQs about homeschooling in Virginia
  • Conclusion

Understanding homeschooling in Virginia

Homeschooling is a form of education where parents take on the role of the primary educators for their children, providing instruction and guidance outside of a traditional school setting. In Virginia, homeschooling is legal and recognized as a valid educational option. It allows parents to tailor their child’s education to their individual needs and interests, offering flexibility and personalized learning experiences.

Why choose homeschooling?

Homeschooling offers numerous benefits for both parents and children. Here are a few reasons why families in Virginia choose to homeschool:

  • Individualized education: Homeschooling allows parents to tailor the curriculum to their child’s unique strengths, weaknesses, and interests. This personalized approach can lead to better academic outcomes.
  • Flexible schedule: Homeschooling offers flexibility in terms of scheduling, allowing families to create a learning routine that works best for them.
  • Strong family bonds: Homeschooling provides an opportunity for parents and children to spend more time together, strengthening family relationships.
  • Safe and nurturing environment: Homeschooling provides a safe and nurturing learning environment, free from negative influences that may be present in traditional school settings.

Virginia homeschooling laws and requirements

While homeschooling is legal in Virginia, there are certain laws and requirements that parents must comply with. These regulations ensure that homeschooled children receive a quality education and meet the state’s educational standards. Here are the key requirements for homeschooling in Virginia:

1. Notification and documentation

Parents in Virginia are required to submit a Notice of Intent (NOI) to homeschool their child to the local school division superintendent. This notification must be submitted annually by August 15th or within 30 days of beginning homeschooling. The NOI should include essential information such as the child’s name, age, and evidence of the parent’s qualifications to teach.

Additionally, parents must maintain a record of the child’s academic progress, including a portfolio of materials and a log of instructional hours. This documentation may be requested by the superintendent for evaluation purposes.

2. Curriculum and subjects

Virginia does not prescribe a specific curriculum for homeschooling families. Parents have the freedom to choose their own curriculum and teaching materials. However, the curriculum should cover the following subjects:

  • English (including reading, writing, and literature)
  • Mathematics
  • Science
  • Social studies (including history and civics)
  • Health and physical education
  • Fine arts
  • Economics and personal finance (for high school students)

It’s important to note that the curriculum should be academically challenging and suitable for the child’s age and grade level.

3. Assessment and evaluation

Parents in Virginia are required to provide evidence of progress at the end of each school year. This can be done through one of the following methods:

  • Standardized achievement test: The child can take a nationally normed standardized test, and the results should be provided to the local school division.
  • Evaluation by a certified teacher: The child’s progress can be evaluated by a qualified teacher, who will assess the child’s academic achievement and provide a report to the local school division.
  • Portfolios: Parents can create a portfolio of the child’s work throughout the year, which will be reviewed by a certified teacher or other designated person.

The assessment should evaluate the child’s progress in the required subjects and demonstrate that they are receiving an adequate education.

Getting started with homeschooling in Virginia

Now that you have an understanding of the homeschooling laws and requirements in Virginia, here’s a step-by-step guide to help you get started:

1. Research and plan

Take the time to research different homeschooling methods, curricula, and resources. Consider your child’s learning style and interests when selecting materials. Create a flexible schedule that suits your family’s needs and allows for a balance between academic and non-academic activities.

2. Submit the Notice of Intent (NOI)

Submit the NOI to homeschool to the local school division superintendent by the required deadline. Make sure to include all necessary information and documentation as outlined in the notification requirements.

3. Develop a curriculum

Select a curriculum that aligns with the subjects outlined by the Virginia Department of Education. You can choose from pre-packaged curricula, online resources, or create your own materials. Tailor the curriculum to your child’s needs and interests.

4. Keep records and document progress

Maintain a record of your child’s academic progress, including samples of their work, a log of instructional hours, and any other relevant documentation. This will help you meet the assessment and evaluation requirements.

5. Assess and evaluate

At the end of each school year, assess your child’s progress using one of the approved methods (standardized test, evaluation by a certified teacher, or portfolio review). Ensure that the assessment covers the required subjects and demonstrates academic growth.

Homeschooling resources in Virginia

Virginia offers a variety of resources and support for homeschooling families. Here are some valuable resources to help you on your homeschooling journey:

  • Virginia Homeschoolers: A statewide organization that provides information, support, and advocacy for homeschooling families in Virginia.
  • Virginia Department of Education: The official website of the Virginia Department of Education, which provides guidance and resources for homeschooling families.
  • Home Educators Association of Virginia: A resource for homeschooling families in Virginia, offering support, events, and resources.
  • Library of Virginia: The Library of Virginia provides educational resources and materials for homeschooling families, including online exhibits, digital collections, and educational programs.

FAQs about homeschooling in Virginia

1. Is homeschooling legal in Virginia?

Yes, homeschooling is legal in Virginia. Parents have the right to educate their children at home.

2. Are there any qualifications to homeschool in Virginia?

Parents in Virginia are not required to have specific qualifications or teaching certifications to homeschool their children. However, they must provide evidence of their qualifications to teach when submitting the Notice of Intent.

3. Can homeschooled students participate in extracurricular activities?

Yes, homeschooled students in Virginia are eligible to participate in extracurricular activities offered by their local public school, such as sports teams, clubs, and events. The specific requirements and procedures may vary by school district.


Homeschooling in Virginia offers families the opportunity to provide a personalized and flexible education for their children. By understanding the legal requirements and available resources, parents can navigate the homeschooling journey with confidence. Remember to submit the Notice of Intent, maintain documentation of your child’s academic progress, and assess their learning each year. Take advantage of the wealth of resources and support available to homeschooling families in Virginia. With dedication and commitment, homeschooling can be a rewarding and successful educational choice for your family.

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